Magazine article Arms Control Today

Conventional Arming and Disarming

Magazine article Arms Control Today

Conventional Arming and Disarming

Article excerpt

In a Web log post Oct. 22, the director of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency announced that U.S. foreign military sales totaled $37.9 billion in fiscal year 2009, which ended Sept. 30. "[W]e can take pride in the fact we achieved a new record. ..slightly over our previous record figure of $36.4 billion in [fiscal year] 2008," the post said. It predicted sales would be $38.4 billion in the current fiscal year. The United States conducts government-to-government transfers of military items through the Department of Defense's foreign military sales program. (See -4CiT, March 2009.)

The United Kingdom has set "an example" for the European Union by revoking arms export licenses to Israel following Israel's military action in Gaza in January, a European Commission (EC) official told Arms Control Today Oct. 15. In July, the United Kingdom revoked five of its licenses to export arms components to Israel, basing its decision on British and EU arms export criteria. (See ACT, September 2009.) The latter criteria are contained in the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. The United Kingdom expjained the decision to an EU working group meeting Sept. 4 to ensure that other EU member states understood the British actions and to encourage other EU member states to review their licenses against the code's criteria, a British diplomat said in a separate Oct. 15 interview. The "expectation" is that, in handling Israeli arms export requests, other EU countries will apply "the same scrutiny" that the United Kingdom did, the EC official said. Under the code, however, other EU member states are under no obligation to review their export licenses, the diplomats said.

In October, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, a defense company based in Germany, announced that it had transferred the first of 220 Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks to the Brazilian army. …

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