Magazine article International Trade Forum

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Magazine article International Trade Forum

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ITC PUBLICATIONS

Resources on trade and export development for exporters, trade support institutions and policymakers

1 COTTON AND CLXNATE CHANGE:

Impacts and options to mitigate and adapt

Cotton production is both a contributor to and a 'victim' o? climate change. Agricultural production, processing, trade and consumption contribute up to 30% of the world's emissions when forest clearance is included in the calculation. Cotton production contributes to between 0.3% and 1% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. This report summarizes the impact of cotton production and consumption on climate change and the options and incentives for reducing emissions. It also examines the impact of climate change on cotton production and the options for adaptation. It is not a formal scientific review of these impacts but is rather intended to highlight the main issues and to stimulate discussion on the interface between cotton, climate change and trade.

2 THE IMPACTS OF PRIVATE STANDARDS ON PRODUCERS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES:

Literature review series on the impacts of private standards -part II

The question of how standards impact trade is more relevant than ever. Against the background of a world economy that is global in scope and organization with economic activities being spread across national boundaries, the liberalization of trade has been one factor contributing to a policy shift from import substitution to export-led growth strategies. This paper presents the results of a systematic literature review of 47 research papers that assess the evidence regarding socioeconomic and environmental impact at the producer level in developing countries. It provides an overview of the methods used to collect and screen the literature, presents a descriptive analysis of the research, and reviews the findings of selected papers.

3 NON-TARIFF MEASURES AND 03 THE FIGHT AGAINST MALARIA:

Obstacles to trade in anti-malarial commodities

This paper focuses on specific non-tariff measures (NTMs) that could negatively affect the affordability and accessibility of anti-malarial commodities. It introduces non-tariff measures and other obstacles to trade and presents the results of a businessperception survey, conducted by ITC, on NTMs faced by importers and exporters of anti-malarial commodities (medicines for treating/preventing of malaria, diagnostic tests, mosquito nets, insecticides for indoor residual spraying, and pumps for spraying Indoor insecticides). …

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