Magazine article Army

The Korean War at 50: January 1953

Magazine article Army

The Korean War at 50: January 1953

Article excerpt

1 U.S. Army Forces, Far East, becomes the executive agency for the commander in chief, Far East Command, in administration and logistics and thus the principal administrative and logistical headquarters for the Korean theater.

2 Enemy forces attack Hill 105, near Koyangdea, driving off the 11th Regiment of the 1st Republic of Korea (ROK) Division who retreated to Outpost Betty. The enemy attempts to seize Outpost Betty, but the regiment repulses it, pushes forward and retakes Hill 105.

7 A patrol of the 5th ROK Division finds an enemy tunnel entrance and ventilation shaft near Hill 351 in the 1st ROK Corps sector. After an enemy work detail enters the tunnel, the patrol blows up the entrance. A few days later the enemy reopens the tunnel but a friendly air strike seals it again.

12 The 57th Field Artillery Battalion fires approximately 10,000 rounds into the T-Bone complex over nine days to destroy enemy bunkers and weapons in preparation for an assault.

15 Officers of the 7th Infantry Division (ID) draw up plans for Operation Smack, using air power in conjunction with a tankinfantry raid to capture prisoners. The first test of the new tactic will be on T-Bone Hill. In Washington, President Harry S Truman delivers his farewell address from the White House. He tells the country his biggest decision as President was going to war in Korea and that, unlike previous times when the world turned its back on aggression, "this time we met the test."

20 Dwight D. Eisenhower is sworn in as the President of the United States. …

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