Magazine article The Spectator

Barometer

Magazine article The Spectator

Barometer

Article excerpt

Distilling a philosophy

The manager of Fitzpatrick's in Rawtenstall, the last surviving temperance bar in Lancashire, has pleaded guilty to drink-driving. His embarrassing predicament would have been understood by the very earliest members of the temperance movement, however.

- When cheese-maker Joseph Livesey of Preston founded the British Association for the Promotion of Temperance in 1832 it demanded only that people temper their drinking by refraining from spirits.

- Livesey's personal journey can be traced in the names of his various publications, beginning with the Moral Reformer (1831), the Preston Temperance Advocate (1834), the Teetotal Progressionist (1852) and the Staunch Teetotaller (1867).

- 1867 also saw him convert to vegetarianism.

By-election limbo

With just 451 votes, the Liberal Democrat candidate at the Rotherham by-election, Michael Beckett, registered one of the lowest totals ever for a representative of one of the main parties in a parliamentary election. …

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