Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: President Mwai Kibaki.

Economy: GNI per capita $770 (Tanzania $430, UK $45,390).

Monetary unit: Shilling.

Main exports: Tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement. Tourism is also an important foreign revenue earner.

People: 38.8 million. Annual population growth rate 2.6%. People per square kilometre 67 (UK 253).

Health: Infant mortality rate 81 per 1,000 live births (Tanzania 67, UK 5). Lifetime risk of maternal death 1 in 39 (UK 1 in 8,200). HIV prevalence 7.1%.

Environment: Environmental degradation is a hot-button issue in Kenya. For many years politicians have dished out forest land to sections of the population, in exchange for votes. This has resulted in destruction of water catchment areas that has led to rivers drying up. …

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