Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: President Michel Martelly.

Economy: GDP per capita $646 (Dominican Republic $4,637, United States $45,989). An estimated 80% live in poverty and there is widespread unemployment (over two-thirds of the labour force does not have a formal job). Haiti's public sector and infrastructure were in disarray even before the earthquake. Remittances from expatriate workers are a lifeline for some.

Monetary unit: Haitian gourde, though US dollars are widely accepted.

Main exports: apparel, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee.

People: 10.0 million. Annual population growth rate 1.9%. People per square kilometre 316 (UK 253).

Health: Infant mortality 64 per 1,000 live births (Dom Rep 27, US 7). HIV prevalence 1.9% and holding steady. High risk of infectious diseases (bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever, dengue fever and malaria, leptospirosis). …

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