Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: Prime Minister, Henry Puna.

Economy: GDP per capita PPP $9,100 (Tonga $7,500, NZ $27,900).

Monetary unit: New Zealand dollar.

Main exports: Fish, jewellery, pearls.

People: Resident population in 2011, 10,900, shrinking by around 9% per year. People per square kilometre 45 (Tonga 139, NZ 16). Labour shortages are met by migrant workers from Fiji and the Philippines who make up around 10% of the population.

Health: Infant mortality rate 8 per 1,000 live births (Tonga 13, NZ 5). The main causes of death are heart disease and diabetes (which affects around 20% of the population). Over 90% of the population is overweight - the third highest rate in the world.

Environment: Generally good, but agricultural residues and run-off from pig farms are polluting some lagoons and damaging coral reefs. There are also growing pressures on water supplies, as people buy more washing machines and other devices. …

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