Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: President Malam Bacai Sanha.

Economy: GNI per capita $250, among the five poorest countries in the world (Senegal $970, Portugal $20,560).

Monetary unit West African CFA franc.

Main exports: Cashew nuts, fish, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn timber. The economy is traditionally reliant on cashew nuts but a shadow economy is emerging based on the country having become a transit point for drugs from Latin America. The main crop raised for domestic consumption Is rice. The economy was devastated by the 1998 civil war. There has been some prospecting for offshore oil deposits but none have yet proved viable.

People: 1.6 million. Annual population growth rate 2.4%. People per square kilometre 44 (UK 253).

Health: Infant mortality 117 per 1,000 live births (Senegal 57, Portugal 3). Lifetime risk of maternal death 1 in 13 (Portugal 1 1n 6,400). HIV prevalence rate 1.8%. Access to clean water 57% and access to decent sanitation 33%. …

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