Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: President Ollanta Húmala Tasso.

Economy: GNI per capita $5,500 (Bolivia $2,040, Canada $45,560).

Monetary unit: Nuevo Sol (PEN). Main exports: Gold is top, with other minerals looming large: copper, silver, zinc, lead. Also petroleum, fish products, coffee, asparagus and textiles.

The economy has been growing at an average of over 6% per year for the last decade but remains dependent on global commodity prices.

People: 29.4 million, 9 million of whom live in Lima. Population growth rate 1990-2010 1.5%. People per square kilometre 23 (UK 253).

Health: Infant mortality rate 15 per 1,000 live births - a major reduction from 40 a decade ago (Bolivia 42, Canada 5). HIV prevalence rate 0.4%. Lifetime risk of maternal death 1 in 370 (Canada 1 in 5,600). Wealthy Peruvians get Botox, breast implants and penis enlargements in expensive private clinics, while public hospitals lack equipment and personnel for basic services. …

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