Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: President Yahya Jammeh.

Economy: GNI per capita $440 (Senegal $1,040, UK $41,520).

Monetary unit: Dalasi.

Main exports: groundnuts (around 50%), fish, cotton lint, palm kernels.

Annual growth levels are running at 5-6% but almost all investment is concentrated in the coastal region that serves Western tourists and infrastructure (and development) in other areas is chronically neglected. The country is heavily dependent on aid, which accounts for 14% of GNI, though it receives even more in remittances from people working overseas.

People: 1.7 million. Annual population growth rate 3.4%. People per square kilometre 151 (UK 253).

Health: Infant mortality 78 per 1,000 live births (Senegal 51, UK 5). HIV prevalence rate 2%. 28% of under-fives suffer from stunting. Lifetime risk of maternal death 1 in 49 (UK 1 in 4,700). The healthcare system has improved over the last two decades, especially in the control of malaria. …

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