Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: Tuilaiepa Saiilele Malielegaoi

Economy: GNI per capita $2,840 (Fiji $3,950, NZ $26,830)

Monetary unit: Tala

Main exports: Fish, beer, coconut cream, taro. Fishing, including for tuna and marlin, provides more than half of exports. Manufacturing is limited: the largest enterprises are a Fosters-owned beer plant, and a Japanese factory, Yazaki, which exports automotive parts to Australia.

People: 183,400 (2009). Annual population growth rate, 0.5%. People per sq km 0.6 (UK 253)

Health: Infant mortality rate 21 per 1,000 live births (Fiji 15, NZ 5). More Samoans suffer from noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and cancer than from infectious diseases. A fifth of adults have diabetes.

Environment: The countryside is better preserved than in some other Pacific states, though there is increasing deforestation on the largest island, Savai'i. The country is vulnerable to natural disasters such as cyclones. …

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