Magazine article Arms Control Today

Security Council Sanctions on North Korea

Magazine article Arms Control Today

Security Council Sanctions on North Korea

Article excerpt

Over the past seven years, the UN Security Council has adopted four resolutions imposing sanctions on North Korea in response to Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile activities. All four resolutions passed unanimously.

* RESOLUTION 1718 (OCT. 13, 2006). Adopted in the wake of North Korea's first nuclear test in October 2006, Resolution 1718 prohibits Pyongyang from conducting future nuclear tests or ballistic missile launches and calls for a complete halt to efforts to pursue nuclear weapons development. The resolution bans a range of exports and imports, notably military weapons and equipment, and imposes an asset freeze and travel ban on people and entities tied to the nuclear program. The resolution also establishes a monitoring body to assess implementation of the sanctions and investigate reported violations.

* RESOLUTION 1874 (JUNE 12, 2009). Further sanctions on North Korea were included in Resolution 1874 in response to the country's second nuclear test, conducted in may 2009. The resolution imposes restrictions on Pyongyang's weapons development programs and tightens sanctions on additional goods, including all imports and exports of weapons, and on additional persons and entities with ties to the nuclear program. Financial transfers or loans that could be used to aid the development of nuclear weapons or ballistic missiles also are prohibited. States are authorized to inspect and detain cargo passing to or from North Korea through their territory on land, sea, or air if the cargo is suspected of being used to develop nuclear weapons. …

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