Magazine article Personnel Journal

Temporary Services Create Employment Opportunities

Magazine article Personnel Journal

Temporary Services Create Employment Opportunities

Article excerpt

Within the last year, the growth in the temporary-services industry has been attributed to many of the same reasons driving every other workplace initiative: downsizing, increased global competition, technology and the need to respond quickly to an ever-changing marketplace. Because temps are the easiest group of contingent workers to track, their numbers may be reflective of the contingency work force overall. This month's cover story shows the merits and liabilities of hiring contingent workers and how the temporary-services industry is responding to the flexible workplace.

* Payroll of temporary employees increased 17.5% in 199, to nearly $20 billion

* Last year, on an average day, more than 1.6 million people went to work as temporary employees, up 21.3% over 1992. Approximately 20% of these individuals are professionals

* Seventy-three percent of temporaries have more than a high school education; 11% have attended a business or trade school; 28% have attended some college; 17% of temps have received a bachelor's degree

* Twenty-nine percent of temporaries were between the ages of 25 and 34; 24% were between the ages of 35 and 44; 19% were between the ages 16 and 24; 18% were between the ages of 45 and 54; 8o were between the ages of 55 and 64; and 2% were age 65 or older

* Eighty-two percent of temporaries are white; 11% are black; 6% are Hispanic; 2% are Asian; and 1% are physically disabled

* The top five reasons individuals become temporary employees are: additional income; as a way to get a full-time job; to improve skills; flexible work time; and between full-time jobs

* Fifty-four percent work as temporaries because they are between jobs, and the money helps make ends meet

* Seventy-two percent of temporary workers' spouses are employed full time; 9% are employed part time or as temps; 19% of spouses are unemployed

* Within a six-month period, 48% held one assignment; 18% held two assignments; 12% held three assignments; 16% held four to seven assignments; and 6% held eight or more

* Sixty-three percent of temporary employees say they're registered with one company; 18% are registered with two companies; 14% are registered with three to four companies; and 5% are registered with five or more

* Thirty percent of temporary employees report to an assignment lasting between 11 and 26 weeks. …

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