Magazine article Strings

ARCANGELO CORELLI: Trio Sonatas Vols. 1 & 2 Wiener

Magazine article Strings

ARCANGELO CORELLI: Trio Sonatas Vols. 1 & 2 Wiener

Article excerpt

ARCANGELO CORELLI

Trio Sonatas Vols. 1 & 2 Wiener-, Urtext edition ($39.95)

Could Italian Baroque composer Arcangelo Corelli ever have imagined that he would hold the same exalted position as a violinist, teacher, and composer today, as he did over 300 years ago? Hailed as the founder of modern violin technique, and the world's first great violinist and father of the concerto grosso, Corelli's popularity as premier violinist was equaled by his acclaim as a composer. Performed throughout Europe, his string works-consisting of solo and trio sonatas and concerto grossos-are encapsulated in only six opus numbers. His four sets of 12 trio sonatas each remain widely acclaimed for their transparency, poise and serenity. Requiring four players reading from three partbooks, the trio sonata form assumed enormous importance in Baroque music, further developed by Handel, Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, and their contemporaries. The most frequently found arrangement was for two violins and cello with a harpsichord or other keyboard instrument filling out the harmony, the latter two typically assigned as the basso continuo. This basic form developed into the concerto grosso, with the four concertante players rounded out by a string orchestra. Corelli's dedications mark his progress among the great patrons of Rome. His Trio Sonatas, Op. 1, written for a church setting and published in 1681, are dedicated to Queen Christina of Sweden. A third set (the second group of church sonatas, Op. …

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