Magazine article Corrections Forum

U.S. Justice System Statistics

Magazine article Corrections Forum

U.S. Justice System Statistics

Article excerpt

In 1996, the U.S. jail population increased 9.4 percent. This rate was nearly twice the average annual increase of 4,9 percent from 1990-1995.

States now spend more on criminal justice than municipalities, counties or the Federal government.

The average cost of one court trip for one inmate is $498. Assuming 10 court trips per week, the annual cost is more than $250,000.

At the end of 1996, 5.5 million people, or 2.8 percent of all adult U.S. residents, were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole.

State and Federal prison authorities had more than 1.2 million inmates under their jurisdiction at mid-year 1997. Over 1.1 million were physically in prison custody and 59,493 were held in other facilities outside their jurisdiction.

The number of female inmates in U.S. prisons ten years ago were about 35,000. The number of female inmates in U.S. prisons today are more than 100,000.

American jails held or supervised 637,319 persons awaiting trial or serving a sentence at mid-year 1997. About 70,000 of these persons were serving their sentence in the community.

In 1993, the 3,304 U.S. jails held 2.8 inmates for each jail employee. In 1995, the year of the last census of prisons, there were 2. …

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