Magazine article Medical Economics

Asthma: Women Hospitalized More Than Men, Study Shows

Magazine article Medical Economics

Asthma: Women Hospitalized More Than Men, Study Shows

Article excerpt

WOMEN ARE more likely than men to need hospitalization after seeking emergency department (ED) treatment for an asthma attack, according to a study published recently in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the number of people with asthma continues to grow. One in 12 Americans (about 25 million, or 8% of the population) had asthma in 2009, compared with 1 in 14 (about 20 million, or 7%) in 2001. Women were more likely than men to have asthma.

Rose Chasm, MD, a clinical assistant professor of emergency medicine at the University of Maryland's School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues analyzed the likelihood that 2,000 patients treated in the ED for asthma would need to be admitted to the hospital. Although the men and women had similar risk factors for a flare-up of their condition, women still were 60% more likely to be hospitalized.

Just 10% of the women in this study had been seen by an allergist in the last year. Chasm and researchers found that many of the ED patients had poorly controlled chronic asthma. Of the women, 13% had been intubated at some point, 36% had been hospitalized before for asthma and 16% had been admitted within the past year. In comparison, 12% of men had been intubated in the past, 32% had been hospitalized for asthma and 13% had been admitted in the past year.

"The gender difference is probably related to the effects of female sex hormones, to genderspecific health behaviors, to perceived differences in the severity' of troubled breathing, and to differences in bronchial hyperactivity and resulting airway obstruction," Chasm says. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.