Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Syndrome X Is Dangerous but Preventable

Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Syndrome X Is Dangerous but Preventable

Article excerpt

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), at least 20 percent of Americans have a potentially dangerous condition known as syndrome X, which is sometimes called metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance syndrome.

Gerald Reaven, M.D., a professor of medicine at Stanford University, was one of the first scientist to link high insulin levels with an increased risk of heart disease. He estimates that nearly 60 million to 75 million people are insulin-resistant and susceptible to related health problems. Of those who are insulin-resistant, approximately 5 to 10 ten percent will go on to have adult-onset (type 2) diabetes, with the remaining 90 to 95 percent at risk for development of syndrome X.

In healthy people, insulin allows glucose to move into cells in the body; this process then creates energy. In patients with syndrome X, insulin cannot transport the glucose, causing the pancreas to produce more insulin to normalize blood glucose levels.

The cause of syndrome X is unknown, but scientists believe that roughly 50 percent of cases result from genetic variations. …

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