Magazine article New Internationalist

Reef Requiem: Coral Needs New Lease of Life

Magazine article New Internationalist

Reef Requiem: Coral Needs New Lease of Life

Article excerpt

Jamaica is just one of the countries mourning the death of its coral reefs -- 95 per cent of them are dead or dying. At the present rate of global extinction, 70 per cent of all corals will be dead in 20 to 40 years. Coral reefs cover only about 618,000 square kilometres -- less than 0.3 per cent of the globe's ocean floor. But the death of corals may kill many other species -- the shallow area where coral grows is home to one million species of fish, crabs, eels, molluscs, sponges, worms, grasses, algae and other marine animals.

Practices such as using cyanide or dynamite to catch fish destroy thousands of hectares of coral every year. The Philippine fishing industry has lost more than 125,000 jobs clue to reef degradation caused by the use of cyanide to stun fish, which are then captured live for restaurants and aquariums.

The International Marinelife Alliance established a government-endorsed, cyanide-free export-certification program which pays a higher price for cyanide-free fish. This has decreased cyanide use by 40 per cent.

Pollution is the other big threat to coral life. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.