Magazine article ASEE Prism

Diversity among FACULTY & STUDENTS

Magazine article ASEE Prism

Diversity among FACULTY & STUDENTS

Article excerpt

Blau's Index, named for sociologist Peter Blau, is a wellknown tool for measuring heterogeneity in populations. When used to find the extent of gender and racial-ethnic diversity among students and faculty in engineering, it shows that, overall, diversity among students is slightly higher than among faculty. The formula D = 1- ΣPi2 was applied to data from ASEE's 2014 Profiles survey. D denotes a discipline's overall diversity, and Pi is the proportion of group members in a particular category i. Two gender categories (male and female) and eight racial-ethnic categories (Caucasian, African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, American Indian, multiracial, and other) were used to develop the measure of diversity. According to Blau's Index, a perfectly homogeneous population would have a diversity index score of 0. …

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