Magazine article The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education

Children of Foreign-Born Parents

Magazine article The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education

Children of Foreign-Born Parents

Article excerpt

WASHINGTON - Native-born children of a foreign-born parent, also known as the second-generation, were more likely to be college-educated and have higher incomes than their parents' generation, according to a first-ever report from the U.S. Census Bureau. Additionally, this second-generation group surpasses education and income levels of the generations that follow them.

Characteristics of the U.S. Population by Generational Status: 2013 examines differences among the foreign-born or "first-generation," the second-generation (native-born with at least one foreign-born parent) and the third-and-higher generation (native-born with two native-born parents) using data from the Current Population Survey. Three quarters of the U.S. population were third-andhigher generation, and the remaining quarter of the U.S. population was made up of approximately equal parts first- and second-generation.

"The expectation that one's economic status will improve over one's parents and grandparents is particularly salient in immigrant communities in which the first-generation often must work harder to overcome numerous cultural and economic challenges," lead report author Edward Trevelyan said. "This report looks for evidence of such intergenerational mobility."

Of the second-generation, 37.4 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 14.9 percent had a master's degree, or higher. In comparison, 31.4 percent of all subsequent generations had at least a bachelor's degree, and 11.1 percent had a master's degree or higher. For the first-generation, 30.1 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 12.1 percent had a master's degree or higher. Among all generation groups, full-time employment was highest for those with a bachelor's degree or higher.

The second-generation also had a higher median household income than the first-generation at $51,291 compared to $45,475, respectively. For subsequent generations, median household income was $51,853, which is not statistically different from the second-generation's income. Median incomes for second-generation individuals in all age groups were equal to or higher than median incomes for other generations.

In addition, the third-and-higher generation's poverty rate of 13.6 percent was lower than the poverty rates of the first- and second-generations, both about 19.0 percent.

OTHER HIGHLIGHTS

Age

* The median age of the second-generation (21 years) was considerably lower than that of the firstand third-and-higher generations (43 years and 39 years, respectively).

* Median age has risen gradually over time for the first- and third-and-higher generations while remaining consistently low for the second-generation. …

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