Magazine article Arms Control Today

The NPT and the Origins of NATO's Nuclear Sharing Arrangements

Magazine article Arms Control Today

The NPT and the Origins of NATO's Nuclear Sharing Arrangements

Article excerpt

William Alberque, Proliferation Papers No. 57, Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), February 2017

In this report, William Alberque examines Russia's April 2015 accusation that the United States and NATO are violating the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). Specifically, Moscow alleged that training NATO personnel to "apply nuclear weapons and participate in the nuclear planning process" as part of nuclear sharing arrangements violates NPT Articles I and II. Article I states that nuclear-weapon states cannot transfer nuclear weapons or control of them, and Article II prevents non-nuclear-weapon states from receiving or controlling nuclear weapons. Alberque, who serves as the head of the Arms Control and Coordination Section in the Political Affairs and Security Policy Division of NATO, argues that Russia's allegation "represents a break in policy" that accepted the NPT and nuclear sharing as compatible, and his analysis chronicles how the United States and the Soviet Union worked to negotiate agreement on that principle. …

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