Magazine article Vocational Education Journal

Job Outlook 2005: Where to Find the Good Jobs

Magazine article Vocational Education Journal

Job Outlook 2005: Where to Find the Good Jobs

Article excerpt

Between now and the year 2005 there will be a 22 percent growth in employment in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Labor. That means 26.4 million more jobs will be added to the economy by then -- five years into the 21st century there will be 147.5 million jobs in America.

The latest Bureau of Labor Statistics projections indicate that all nine major occupational groups will experience job growth.

By 2005 service workers and administrative support workers will comprise more than a third of the workforce. Each of these occupation groups will provide more than 25 million jobs in the economy. The third largest group will be professional specialty occupations.

JOB GROWTH BY OCCUPATION

The graph on page 28 shows the economy's occupational groups will expand at different rates. (Graph omitted) Below are the reasons for the growth in each group and which particular jobs the job market forecasters believe will lead the expansion.

1. Service Workers. This group, which includes health workers, law enforcement officers and personal services workers -- such as cosmetologists -- is projected to expand by 33 percent and will account for 17.5 percent of the total workforce.

2. Administrative Support. Growth of the administrative support workers group will be slower, as jobs in occupations such as typists, telephone operators and postal clerks actually decline with advances in technology and automation. Yet this group still will include 17.2 percent of the workforce in 2005.

3. Professional specialty. Overall, the highest rate of job growth in the nation is expected in professional specialty occupations, the third largest occupational group. Gains in jobs for education and health professionals will fuel the growth rate in this group, which will have 37 percent more jobs in 2005.

4. Operators, fabricators and laborers. A rebound also is forecast for the operators, fabricators and laborers group. After a decade of decline in numbers, the next 10 years should bring an expansion of 9.5 percent in this occupational group. Leading the expansion will be jobs in transportation and construction.

5. Marketing and sales. Employment in marketing and sales occupations will increase by 2.7 million jobs. Within this group, there will be better than average growth in jobs for travel agents, real estate appraisers and financial services salespeople.

6. Precision production, craft and repair. These occupations are projected to grow modestly -- by 13 percent overall. Nevertheless, they will add 1.8 million jobs to the workforce. And in this occupational group a number of specific job fields will experience above-average growth: electronic pagination system workers (78 percent), data processing equipment repairers (45 percent), automotive body repairers (30 percent), glaziers (30 percent), HVAC installers and wood machinists (29 percent), and bricklayers (26 percent).

7. Executive, administrative and managerial. These occupations will continue to grow at a better than average clip, but much slower than in the past dozen years. This group will expand by 3.1 million jobs, a 26 percent increase compared with the 50 percent increase in the earlier period. Analysts attribute the slowdown to restructuring, which has diminished the need for middle managers. Among managerial jobs, those that will expand more than 33 percent are food service and lodging managers, loan officers, personnel specialists, marketing, advertising and public relations managers and property and real estate managers.

8. Technicians and related. Not far behind is the technicians and related support group of occupations, which is forecast to increase by 32.2 percent -- 1.4 million jobs. Within this group are some of the nation's fastest-growing occupations -- paralegals and health technicians.

9. Agricultural, forestry, fishing and related. After 15 years of decline, jobs in the production agriculture, forestry, fishing and related occupations group are expected to expand slightly, by 3. …

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