Magazine article Personnel Journal

Positive Drug Test Are Down among Employees and Candidates

Magazine article Personnel Journal

Positive Drug Test Are Down among Employees and Candidates

Article excerpt

POSITIVE DRUG TEST RESULTS declined to 1.9% from 2.5% among U.S. workers, and to 3.8% from 4.5% among job seekers, according to the American Management Association's ninth annual survey on workplace drug testing and drug-abuse policies. The survey of 1,151 major U.S. firms reported on the results of tests given to 221,000 employees and 523,000 job applicants last year.

"An increase in random employee testing, more hiring that included older workers, and better testing methods that weed out false positives help explain the results," says Eric Greenberg, AMA's director of management studies. "Any increase in the number of people tested at random will lower test-positive rates. But companies that test only suspicion of use also reported a decline in test-positive rates in 1994, to 8% from 11%."

Another reason for the decline in test-positive results is the increased use of medical review offices (MROs) to review positive test results--78% of firms now use these, as compared to 48% in 1994. …

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