Magazine article Amber Waves

Redeeming WIC Benefits at California Farmers' Markets

Magazine article Amber Waves

Redeeming WIC Benefits at California Farmers' Markets

Article excerpt

Participants in USDA's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) can redeem two types of WIC benefits at farmers' markets for fruits and vegetables. The WIC Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) provides eligible WIC participants in participating State agencies with benefits valued between $10-30 per year to be spent exclusively at farmers' markets. In addition, WIC participants receive paper cash value vouchers (CVVs) and/or electronic cash value benefits (CVBs). These CVV/Bs can be used to purchase fruit and vegetables at stores authorized to accept WIC benefits, and 28 WIC State agencies allow CVVs to be used at authorized farmers' markets. As of summer 2017, CVV/B values are $11 per month for pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women and $8 per month for children.

The vast majority of CVVs are redeemed at stores, not farmers' markets. In California-the largest State WIC program in the Nationparticipants redeemed $73,000 of the $87.6 million worth of CVV benefits at local farmers' markets in 2014. To identify barriers impeding CVV redemption at farmers' markets in California, researchers analyzed CVV redemption data for the State from June 2014 to February 2015. The researchers also conducted surveys of managers and farmers at 20 of the 36 farmers' markets in California authorized to redeem CVVs during this period. The 20 surveyed markets accepted both CVVs and FMNP benefits. California farmers' market managers and farmers both reported that CVVs present more challenges than the benefits issued through FMNP. …

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