Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Magazine article New Internationalist

At a Glance

Article excerpt

Leader: Fayez al-Sarraj is chair of the UN-backed Presidential Council of Libya and Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord. However, competing leadership claims are made by members of the hostile House of Representatives.

Economy: Reliable data are scarce but the World Bank estimated the 2015 GNI per capita at $7,820 (Egypt $3,050, Italy $34,270). Monetary unit: Dinar.

Main exports: Oil is Libya's main export and revenue source (92% of total exports) but production has dropped over recent years to around a quarter of pre-revolution levels. Other exports include natural gas, iron, steel, gems and refined chemicals.

People: 6.4 million (0.9% annual growth rate). Population density is among the world's lowest, with 3.6 people per square kilometre. 78.1 per cent of the population live in urban areas.

Health: Infant mortality 11 deaths per 1,000 live births (Egypt 20, Italy 3). Lifetime risk of maternal death 1 in 4,200 (Italy 1 in 19,700). …

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