Magazine article New Internationalist

Star Ratings

Magazine article New Internationalist

Star Ratings

Article excerpt

Last profiled March 1992

INCOME DISTRIBUTION | ★★★··

While recent decades have seen the birth of a new middle class, millions, particularly rural ethnic minorities, have been left behind.

LITERACY | ★★★★·

93%. Education is supposedly free, but schools frequently levy fees that sometimes lock out the poorest students.

LIFE EXPECTANCY | ★★★★·

76 years. Healthcare is free on paper, although bureaucratic caveats on treatment sometimes lead to patients greasing the system with bribes.

POSITION OF WOMEN | ★★···

While the party lauds the role of women in the anti-French and American wars, Vietnam's skewed gender ratio speaks to the value placed on men over women.

FREEDOM | ★····

Dissent is banned in Vietnam, with not even a token tolerance of opposition to the ruling Communist Party present. Joining a protest movement can result in penalties ranging from termination at work to serving hard time for 'abusing democratic freedom'. …

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