Magazine article Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy

Key Transitions

Magazine article Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy

Key Transitions

Article excerpt

Brazil: General elections were held in Brazil on October 7, 2018, to elect the Presi dent, Vice-Presi dent, and National Congress. Elections for state Governors and Vice Governors, state Legislative Assemblies and Federal District Legislative Chamber were held concurrently. Rio de Janeiro congressman Jair Bolsonaro (Partido So cial Lib eral [PSL]/Social Liberal Party) led the first round of the Presidential election, and former Săo Paulo mayor Fernando Haddad of the PT (Partido dosTrabalhadores/Workers Party) was runner-up. They were supported by the aliiances "Brazil Above Everything, God Above Everyone" and "The People Happy Again" respectively. The run-off election on October 28, 2018, saw Bolsonaro and Vice-Presidential running mate Hamilton Mourăo take 55.13 percent of the vote (57,797,847 votes), a decisive win over Fernando Haddad of the PT and his VicePresidential running mate, Manuela d'Ávila (PCdoB: Partido Comunista do Brasil), who carried only 11 states, compared with 15 (plus the Federal capital) for Jair Bolsonaro. Haddad won all north-eastern states except Amapá.

eSwatini: King Mswati III of eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) on October 31, 2018, asked US-educated telecommunications executive Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini, 50, to form a new Government, replacing the late Dr Sibusiso Barnabas Dlamini, 76, who had served since 2008, and who died on September 4, 2018. The King chose to go outside the Parliament for his choice of Premier. Mr Dlamini, who earned a masters in business administration from Hampton University in the US, was Chief Executive of telecommunications corporation MTN Swaziland. The fact that the King and his new Prime Minister were the same age - 50 - was believed likely to ensure that there would be greater harmony between the Crown and the Government than had been the case under the late Dr Sibusiso Dlamini. Some 530,000 voters in eSwatini went to the polls on September 21, 2018, to elect a new Parliament.

Ethiopia: The Ethiopian Parliament on October 25, 2018, elected Ambassador Sahle-WorkZewde as President of Ethiopia. She became Ethiopia's first female President. She had been UN Under-Secretary General and Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to the African Union. Amb. Sahle-Work succeeded Pres. Mulatu Teshome Wirtu, who resigned that day.

The Ethiopian House of People's Representatives on October 16, 2018, unanimously approved the new Cabinet nominated by Prime Minister Abiy following the endorsement of a draft law restructuring some of the executive organs of government. The House, in its first session since the opening of the new parliamentary year, approved a Cabinet with 10 female members out of 20, a record for Ethiopia and giving it one of the highest places in gender parity in the world.

The House started its session by considering in detail the draft proclamation, tabled by the Prime Minister, determining the powers and duties of executive organs and hearing his proposal to reorganize various ministries and other bodies.

According to the new proclamation, Ethiopia now had a Ministry of Peace for the first time in its history. This Ministry was mandated with coordinating and overseeing activities on "nurturing the national consensus". But, most significantly, this Ministry would become the key national security agency: It would oversee the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS); the Information Network Security Agency (INSA); the Federal Police Commission; the Finance Security and Information Center; the National Disaster Risk Management Commission; the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs; the Ethiopian Foreign Relations Strategic Studies Institute; and the Main Department for Immigration & Nationality Affairs. The Ministry of Peace also assumed the rôles and responsibilities of former Federal and Pastoralist Development Affairs.

A number of ministries were merged. These included merging the ministries of Trade and Industry; the Ministry of Science and Technology with the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology; and the Ministry of Urban Development with Construction. …

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