Magazine article Arms Control Today

NATO Ministerial to Discuss INF Treaty

Magazine article Arms Control Today

NATO Ministerial to Discuss INF Treaty

Article excerpt

NATO defense ministers will meet June 26 to prepare defense and deterrence measures "to ensure the security of the alliance" if Russia does not come back into compliance with the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, according to a European official speaking with Arms Control Today.

The meeting will come just weeks before the United States is expected to withdraw from the treaty, alleging that Russian deployment of the 9M729 ground-launched cruise missile constitutes a treaty violation. NATO believes the missile can strike targets in Europe. (See ACT, March 2019.)

The INF Treaty bans the testing and deployment of land-based missiles that can fly distances of 500 to 5,000 kilometers. The agreement, concluded by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, significantly eased tensions in Europe over Soviet and U.S. deployments of these systems, which can reach their targets rapidly and with little warning. The likely termination of the treaty on Aug. 2 opens the door to the possible redeployment of INF Treaty-range missiles in Europe, which experts say could increase escalation risks and the potential for miscalculation in a crisis.

In an April 4 press statement following a NATO foreign ministers meeting in Washington, the ministers discussed "Russia's ongoing violation" of the INF Treaty, and NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg reiterated that NATO "has no intention" to deploy "ground-launched nuclear missiles in Europe. …

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