Newspaper article Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England)

Know the Insulin Facts

Newspaper article Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England)

Know the Insulin Facts

Article excerpt

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus occurs when there is excessive amounts of glucose (sugar) present in the blood, because the body cannot use it properly.

An estimated 1.4 million people are diagnosed with diabetes in the UK, but a further one million people are undiagnosed.

There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1 (insulin dependant) where the body is unable to produce any insulin.

Type 2 (non-insulin dependant) where the body is able to produce insulin, but not enough or the insulin produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).

What causes Diabetes?

Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, and from sugar and other sweet foods and from the liver which makes glucose.

Insulin is the hormone that helps the glucose to enter the cells where it is used as fuel.

Without insulin or very little of it, this process cannot take place, creating a build-up of sugar in the blood.

The symptoms of diabetes include:

Increased thirst, tiredness, low energy levels, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision and going to the toilet all the time especially at night. …

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