Newspaper article The Florida Times Union

Groups Want Florida's Big Cat in Okefenokee; Scientists Warn That the Endangered Animal Needs the New Territory

Newspaper article The Florida Times Union

Groups Want Florida's Big Cat in Okefenokee; Scientists Warn That the Endangered Animal Needs the New Territory

Article excerpt

Byline: TERRY DICKSON

Conservation groups filed a "scientific petition'' Thursday to reintroduce the endangered Florida panther into the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, a move that could establish a population in South Georgia and North Florida and help the species recover.

The petition asks that the Interior Department issue a rule authorizing the release of panthers taken from the only breeding population, 100 to 120 panthers south of the Caloosahatchee River in South Florida, said Michael Robinson, who authored the petition for the Tucson-based Center for Biological Biodiversity.

That population is "bumping up against the constraints of habitat destruction,'' Robinson said during a telephone interview from Silver City, N.M., and if the Florida panther has any long-range chance of survival it needs more than one population.

"You can't ensure a species won't go extinct when it's all in one location and there's some sort of catastrophe, such as disease,'' he said.

"The Okefenokee was the top rated area to establish another population,'' he said referring to the findings of the third and most recent revision of the Florida Panther Recovery Plan which was first released in the early 1980s.

The refuge has 400,000 acres of its own under protection and is surrounded by other undeveloped land with an abundance of deer and feral hogs for prey, including Pinhook Swamp across the Florida border. If Florida Panthers are released in the Okefenokee, they would likely roam into both states as the big cats establish their territory, Robinson said.

The study shows the Ozark National Forest in Arkansas is the second best rated area for a release.

The plan calls for the establishment of two populations of about 240 cats each and both areas would support that, Robinson said.

Arthur Webster, a spokesman for the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, said he had not seen the petition and could not comment without speaking with the refuge biologist. …

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