Newspaper article Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England)

Migration Facts and Figures

Newspaper article Evening Chronicle (Newcastle, England)

Migration Facts and Figures

Article excerpt

What is the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker? Is Britain being overrun by them and how much money in benefits are they really receiving? We look at the facts behind the growing migrant crisis.

What are refugees? A refugee is a person who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country"-source, Article 1, 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees What is an asylum seeker? Someone who has applied for asylum and is waiting for a decision as to whether or not they have been granted refugee status by the Government.

Does the UK have more asylum seekers than most countries? No. With an estimated 173,100 asylum applications, Germany was the largest recipient of new asylum claims in 2014. The US was second with 121,200 asylum applications, followed by Turkey (87,800), Sweden (75,100), and Italy (63,700). The UK received 31,300 new applications for asylum by the end of 2014. Source: UNHCR 2014 Asylum Trends Report.

How many refugees are there in the UK? …

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