Newspaper article Daily News (Warwick, Australia)

Narcissism 'Epidemic'; Social Media Pushing Focus on Image, Sending Self Esteem into the Ground

Newspaper article Daily News (Warwick, Australia)

Narcissism 'Epidemic'; Social Media Pushing Focus on Image, Sending Self Esteem into the Ground

Article excerpt

Byline: OLIVIA REMES PHD CANDIDATE, University Of Cambridge

THE subject of narcissism has intrigued people for centuries, but social scientists now claim that it has become a modern "epidemic".

So what is it, what has led to its increase, and is there anything we can do about it?

The term narcissism originated more than 2000 years ago, when Ovid wrote the legend of Narcissus.

He tells the story of a beautiful Greek hunter who, one day, happens to see his reflection in a pool of water and falls in love with it.

He becomes obsessed with its beauty, and is unable to leave his reflected image until he dies. After his death, the flower narcissus grew where he lay.

The concept of narcissism was popularised by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud through his work on the ego and its relationship to the outside world; this work became the starting point for many others developing theories on narcissism.

Healthy narcissism is part of normal human functioning. It can represent healthy self-love and confidence that is based on real achievement.

But narcissism becomes a problem when the individual becomes preoccupied with the self, needing excessive admiration and approval from others, while showing disregard for other people's sensitivities.

If the narcissist does not receive the attention desired, substance abuse and major depressive disorder can develop.

Narcissists often portray an image of grandiosity or overconfidence to the world, but this is only to cover up deep feelings of insecurity and a fragile self-esteem that is easily bruised by the slightest criticism.

Because of these traits, narcissists find themselves in shallow relationships that only serve to satisfy their constant need for attention.

When narcissistic traits become so pronounced that they lead to impairment this can indicate the presence of narcissistic personality disorder.

People with narcissistic personality disorder show a grandiose sense of self-importance, are consumed by fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty or ideal love, and are extremely sensitive to criticism, among other things. …

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