The People's History of Christianity: The Other Side of the Story

Article excerpt

For those committed to Christianity as a way of life, these can be disconcerting times. Membership is declining in many churches, there are deep divisions over biblical interpretation, and disenchanted young people seem to be either staying away or seeking new forms of worship.

Others worry that there's a politicizing of the faith. It sometimes seems that Christianity - along with all religion - is being charged with many of the evils of human history. Some people even ask, "How can you still be a Christian?"

It was that question - posed to her by a friend - that prompted church historian Diana Butler Bass to write her latest book, The People's History of Christianity: The Other Side of the Story.

In a refreshing look at 2,000 years of Christian history from the bottom up, Butler Bass offers unique insights into the spirit has stirred the hearts and minds of faithful people over the centuries and brought renewal to Christianity during periods of upheaval and distress.

When Christian history is written, it is usually "Big-C Christianity," as Butler Bass calls it, a tale of Western Christianity's triumphal spread - institutional struggles against other religions and political systems, and, all too often, the use of militant means to achieve perceived righteous ends.

Here, instead, the author has sought out the stories of individuals in various eras who've struggled to live on the basis of Jesus' teachings, by loving God and loving their neighbor. This she calls "generative Christianity," a faith that transforms the world through humble service: "It is not about victory; it is about following Christ in order to seed human community with grace."

This exploration is crucial today, Butler Bass believes, because so many contemporary Christians suffer not only from biblical illiteracy, but also "spiritual amnesia." While Jesus' teachings may speak to them personally, they are "unmoored" from a positive sense of Christian history after Jesus. Witness the intense recent interest in books about the years of the early church, and the search for an "authentic" faith by exploring ancient spiritual practices.

If Christianity is to be renewed and go on to flourish in the future, the author contends, Christians must gain a sense of their history that is meaningful and inspires hope.

A mainline Protestant who has taught Christian history and authored several books, Butler Bass understands the implications of the 20th-century split between those who hold to an inerrant Bible and those who accept the complexities of historical scholarship, between an evangelicalism that has prized personal piety and a mainline church that pursued social justice.

To follow Jesus' "Great Command" - to love God and love one's neighbor - she says, calls for both personal and social commitment.

"A People's History" seeks to help Western Christianity become whole again. Presenting Christian history as five periods - The Way (100-500), the Cathedral (500-1450), the Word (1450-1650), the Quest (1650-1945), and the River (1945-present) - the book describes how individuals in each period have defined their love of God through forms of devotion and their love of neighbor through ethical action.

In the early church, for example, around 270, a wealthy young Christian named Anthony was so struck by Jesus' words to the young rich man in Matt. 19:21 (sell all your possessions, give to the poor and come, follow me) that he disposed of all he owned and went into the Egyptian desert to become close to God. …

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