In Afghanistan, the number of kids in school has grown more than
six times since the Taliban were in power. But millions of children
still wait, and classrooms and qualified teachers are lacking.
Qala-e-Zaman Khan High School is bordered by dirt roads at the
of a small hill in one of Kabul's many districts. The school's
mud brick buildings have been recently painted, and its bright
walls, nestled against the drab hillside, stand out from a
"All the faculty pooled money to buy the paint," says principal
Abdullah Amin, "and our families helped with the work."
But the paint is just one step along a very long road, he notes.
"Our biggest problem," he says, "is that we don't have
adequate classroom space for the high number of students."
Under the Taliban, Afghanistan had only 900,000 students, all
The curriculum revolved around religious instruction. Today, some
million students, boys and girls, attend schools - though some
million children wait in the wings, held back by cultural or
But the momentum poses a huge challenge to a country pummeled by
and fraud-ridden elections. The rapid rise in enrollment has led
two pressing problems: a lack of professional teachers and too
schools and classrooms.
At Qala-e-Zaman Khan High School, those problems are clearly on
display. The school has 4,000 students, but only 26 classrooms. A
small house two blocks away has been rented, but has done little
Ghulam, a teacher in Kabul for the past three years, says the
problem is endemic. "According to guidelines, we should have no
more than 40 students in a class," Ghulam says. "But as it is, we
have a minimum of 50 to 60, and often 80 or more. This creates a
of problems for the teacher, and as a result the quality of
instruction goes down."
And, says Asif Nang, 75 percent of teachers hold only a high
diploma. "The greatest challenge facing the Ministry of Education
is the lack of professional teachers," says Mr. Nang, a ministry
spokesman. Poor pay and better opportunities for college
"I would like to teach," says Aziza Kakar, a senior at Kabul's
Education University. "But the salary just isn't enough, so I
will try ... for an NGO [nongovernmental organization]."
Merit pay on the way
Teachers make between $50 and $100 a month. A US government
in Kabul says USAID is supporting a pay increase within the
of Education that would raise the pay of Grade 12 qualified
from $96 a month to $130 - a figure still not competitive with
private sector. …