Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

In Iraq, Karbala Bombings Spark Fears of Renewed Sectarian Violence

Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

In Iraq, Karbala Bombings Spark Fears of Renewed Sectarian Violence

Article excerpt

At least 40 people were killed today in Karbala, where thousands of pilgrims have gathered to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein in AD 680. His death marked the beginning of the Sunni- Shiite split in Islam.

Two car bombs killed up to 40 people and wounded at least 140 more during the culmination of the Shiite pilgrimage to the holy city of Karbala Friday, making this year's commemoration the bloodiest since Saddam was toppled.

At least 100 people have now been killed in attacks this week aimed at the millions of Shiites who have headed to Karbala to mark Arbaeen - the commemoration of the 40th day of mourning for the killing of Imam Hussein in battle in AD 680.

There were conflicting reports about the number and the nature of the explosions but Ministry of Interior officials said two car bombs detonated after they were parked on a bridge on the outskirts of the city.

Fears of renewed sectarian violence

The bombings play to the worst fears of Iraqi and US officials that attacks could re-ignite the kind of sectarian violence that plunged this country into civil war three years ago. They sparked anger even among security officers.

"This is gross negligence on the part of the security planners," said police captain Nibras Mohammad Ali, reached by phone in a hospital in Karbala filled with the wounded. He said a single car bomb exploded after the driver parked near a tent providing food and rest to the pilgrims and walked away. Many of the 130 were so seriously injured the death toll was expected to rise.

"There have been explosions in this area before during the pilgrimage.... I think this is a shameful failure in the security plan," said an angry Captain Ali. "The atmosphere now in Karbala is very tense among security personnel and among the citizens."

The attacks this week killing more than 90 pilgrims were launched against a backdrop of political turmoil over March parliamentary elections. Election officials on Thursday said they were delaying the legal start of campaigning to allow time to try to defuse a crisis over who will be allowed to run.

More than a million pilgrims at a time have converged on the shrine 70 miles south of Baghdad, many of them after walking for days. Karbala officials say more than 10 million of the faithful, hundreds of thousands from other countries, have made the pilgrimage this year.

On Wednesday a bomb on a cart attached to a motorcycle killed at least 20 people on their way to the holy city. In the worst attack, more than 40 died and 100 more were injured when a female suicide bomber detonated an explosive belt as she was being searched near a tent offering food and rest for the pilgrims.

Tens of thousands of Iraqi security forces, backed by US troops, have been deployed to help protect the tens of thousands of pilgrims walking along highways in and out of the city. …

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