Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

With Oil Pipeline Attack, Niger Delta Rebels Announce Return

Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

With Oil Pipeline Attack, Niger Delta Rebels Announce Return

Article excerpt

After a year long truce, Niger Delta rebel group MEND launched an attack on an oil pipeline. MEND's attacks come as Nigeria's military is struggling with the Islamist Boko Haram movement in the north.

With the destruction of a major oil pipeline in Nigeria's oil- rich Niger Delta region, Nigeria now has two major internal threats to deal with.

One is an Islamist militia group calling itself Boko Haram, which has carried out a campaign of terror against Christian churches and government targets across northern Nigeria as part of its war against the secular Nigerian state.

What is Nigeria's Boko Haram? 5 things to know

The second is a six-year long campaign of kidnapping and sabotage by Niger Delta militants, who are fighting for regional self- government and control of oil resources in the country's east. The largest of these rebel groups, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) argue that Nigeria's ruling elites exclude residents of the Niger Delta from the lucrative oil contracts and well-paid jobs, and leave them only with the ecological devastation of pipeline spills, which is killing the local fishing industry.

The question now is whether the government of President Goodluck Jonathan - who comes from the Niger Delta himself - can respond adequately to the twin threats to the Nigerian state. With much of Nigeria's Army already deployed up north to contain the Boko Haram rebellion, can Nigeria impose enough military to bring both of these very different groups to the negotiating table?

In a statement released Sunday, MEND spokesman Jomo Gbomo claimed credit for the attack on the oil pipeline in Bayelsa state, and for a separate attack on the home of the Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Godsday Orubebe. Mr. Gbomo said MEND "will pay considerable attention to dealing with security forces and traitorous indigenes of the Niger Delta."

"The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) understands the negative impact our assault on the Nigerian oil industry will have on the ordinary citizen in a country which relies almost entirely on one source of revenue.

"Unfortunately, the extremely irresponsible, floundering government of Nigeria is more concerned with enriching themselves and family members than attending to the problems of the Niger Delta and the continuously depreciating standard of living of the ordinary Nigerian."

The Italian-owned oil company ENI, which operates the pipeline, says it has lost 4,000 barrels per day from the destruction of the pipeline. …

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