Albert Einstein Had Problems with Authority in School, New Online Archives Reveal

Article excerpt

Einstein's school certification, the famous E = mc2

equation in handwritten format, and a personal postcard are among the 80,000 items contained in the newly established Einstein Archives Online.

Now anyone with Internet access can peek into one of the most celebrated minds in science.

Albert Einstein's complete archive is gradually becoming available through the Einstein Archives Online. On Monday (March 19), the online archive debuted with roughly 2,000 documents, and the archival database lists all of the more than 80,000 documents that will ultimately be available. [Einstein's 'Biggest Blunder' Turns Out to Be Right]

The documents -- everything from personal letters to scientific manuscripts -- are held by the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and at the Einstein Papers Project at the California Institute of Technology.

The site's gallery offers viewers a peak at Einstein's high school certification, which he received upon finishing high school at 16 in 1896. It turns out Einstein was an excellent student, not a terrible one, as often said. However, according to the archives, he left because he couldn't handle the strict discipline and authority.

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The archive also contains images of one of only three existing manuscripts containing the famous E=mc^2 equation written in Einstein's handwriting. This equation, which describes the relationship betweem energy, mass and the speed of light, derives from his theory of special relativity. …

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