Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Iraq Arab League Summit Opens with Eyes on Syria

Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Iraq Arab League Summit Opens with Eyes on Syria

Article excerpt

Baghdad, hosting its first Arab league summit since 1990, is hoping to show the region Iraq has put its troubles behind it. But nervous eyes are focused elsewhere, on Syria.

Iraq opened an Arab League summit Tuesday overshadowed by the war in Syria but aimed at proving that it has emerged from the ruins of war and the legacy of Saddam Hussein.

The gathering of Arab leaders, held under intense security, is the first in Baghdad since shortly before Hussein invaded Kuwait in 1990 and set Iraq on a path of isolation in the Arab world.

"It is a big event - it is the most important event for Iraq to host the Arab summit and it is a recognition of the new Iraq that has emerged since 2003," said Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, who has worked [for more than a year] to repair relations with the Arab world. "This country was isolated many, years ago that's why this is a very, very important thing."

Koffi Annan, the UN special envoy for Syria, will fly to Baghdad to brief Arab leaders on Syria's acceptance of a UN peace plan and the way forward, says a senior Arab official. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon will also attend.

Syria's acceptance of Mr. Annan's proposed plan Tuesday could cause more rifts among Arab leaders, already split over how to end the bloodshed. Arab countries are divided between the Gulf states and others skeptical that Syria will fulfill its promises. Those countries are pushing for more pressure against the Syrian president while others insist on a Syrian solution.

Iraq, which now takes over the presidency of the Arab League for the coming year, falls into the latter camp.

"I don't think there will be a call for Bashar to step aside but we will support a [Syrian] political process ... that will lead to change of the regime peacefully," Mr. Zebari told reporters this week.

Civil war

Iraq, apart from Syria the only Arab country with a Shiite-led government, worries that intervention could push Syria further into civil war.

Thursday's summit marks Iraq's political return to an Arab world dominated by Sunni Arab governments and still deeply suspicious of Shiite-led Iraq's ties with Iran. In one of the biggest signs of Baghdad's diplomatic leap forward, Kuwait's emir has said he will attend the summit.

On the eve of the finance ministers' meeting that precedes the summit, Saudi Arabia's first ambassador to Iraq in two decades presented his credentials to the foreign ministry.

Iraqi officials say nine of the 21 countries invited have confirmed they will send their head of state while most others will send senior officials. Syria was suspended from the Arab League last year.

Seen by outsiders as a diplomatic detail, the seniority of those attending is a crucial and closely-watched barometer of diplomatic ties. Nine heads of state in attendance is a credible number for Arab summits which rarely have more than a dozen of the 22 appearing. …

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