On one idea at least, the two major presidential candidates,
George W. Bush and Al Gore, can agree. Govern-ment should allow
faith-based groups to take on more social services, from child care
to worker training.
Yet the notion of "charitable choice," as it is called, is at the
heart of a lawsuit in Texas that may determine the future of such
church-led programs, and whether taxpayers should fund them.
The lawsuit, filed this week by a major Jewish organization and a
Texas-based civil rights group, argues that Texas officials violated
the constitutional separation of church and state by awarding a
welfare-to-work contract to a consortium of Christian churches. The
program in question, called Jobs Partnership of Washington County,
offered Bible classes and urged the poor to build a personal
relationship with Jesus, according to the complaint.
"I don't think the objection is about religious indoctrination,"
says Jim Harrington, executive director of the Texas Civil Rights
Project in Austin. "It's when they cross the boundary and use these
services either to proselytize or do it in such a way that you have
to hear their religious message in order to receive the services.
That's not the way it ought to work."
In the four years since the federal welfare overhaul was passed,
hundreds of such programs have sprouted up across the country, so
this case is certain to be watched closely. It's a case that pits
two of America's most cherished concepts against each other: the
belief that religion should keep its nose out of government matters,
and the notion that churches can do much good in transforming
individual lives and tackling major social ills.
Certainly, churches have been engaged in social services for
decades, managing soup kitchens and ministering in prisons, among
other things. Many Americans embrace that relationship. In a
February poll by Zogby International of Utica, N.Y., 56 percent of
the respondents favored using "a partnership of federal and
religious and private organizations" to solve social problems.
"What this says is that we're not going to say no to anybody,"
says Alan Crockett, spokesman for Zogby.
These attitudes notwithstanding, faith-based social services are
facing more and more legal challenges. In April, for instance,
Americans United for the Separation of Church and State filed a suit
against Kentucky Baptist Homes for Children, because the federally
funded group fired a family specialist who was a lesbian.
"Churches have every right to provide social services," says the
Rev. Barry Lynn, Americans United director. "But they may not
receive tax funding if they discriminate on religious grounds."
Critics of the Jobs Partnership in Texas say this faith-based
program had a distinctly sectarian feel to it. According to a 1999
evaluation of the program by the state Department of Human Services,
Partnership's course materials were explicitly and emphatically
Christian. Typical is one course, entitled "Who's the boss? All
authority comes from God."
Linda Edwards, spokeswoman for Texas Governor Bush, says the
state has long had contracts with faith-based groups that provide
social services. …