Natural gas is increasingly being touted as one of the great
balms for America's energy woes.
Yet even as President Bush tomorrow unveils an energy plan that
leans heavily on natural-gas production, a powerful force could
stymie efforts to get this fuel to homes and businesses in power-
hungry population centers. Call it the NIMBY rebellion.
The Not-In-My-Backyard attitude is nothing new in US communities.
But it may rise to new levels as companies extracting more natural
gas seek to transport it via an expanded pipeline network.
If the Bush plan is any guide, there will plenty of opportunity
for local resistance.
* Natural gas - a byproduct of crushed dinosaur bones and other
ancient biomass - is expected to fuel 90 percent of the nation's
new electricity-generating plants. So demand will be high.
* About 80 percent of America's untapped gas is in the
continental US, mostly in Gulf Coast and Rocky Mountain states. In
some places, new drilling would be near big population centers.
* The Bush team says that 38,000 miles of new pipelines will be
needed by 2020 - enough to circle the earth 1-1/2 times. Many will,
at some point, be constructed in close proximity to neighborhoods.
"Theoretically, you could get 38,000 miles of pipe into this
country and people would never notice it," says Karl Rabago of the
Rocky Mountain Institute, an energy think tank in Snowmass, Colo.
But in reality, the task probably would not be that easy.
Mr. Rabago says that's because more Americans are thinking about
such projects the way Europeans do - with much distrust. He calls
it "the Europe effect." Its elements are environmental awareness, a
stronger suspicion of multinational companies, and Erin Brockovich-
like concerns about health and safety. The mix, he says, creates a
As US companies try to build new plants and pipelines, he adds,
they're "running into more of our values" that resist construction.
Policymakers have their own terms for hard-core NIMBYism: BANANA
(Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything) and even NOPE
(Not on Planet Earth).
Yet pipelines are being built today - a testament to the power of
market forces (fueled by high consumer demand) to overpower local
In the Gulf of Mexico, engineers are preparing to drop sections
of concrete-encased, 36-inch-diameter steel pipes beneath the
waves. Some will rest on the ocean floor 800 feet down. Together,
they'll form the Gulf's longest pipeline - 437 miles from Mobile
Bay, Ala., to Florida's central coast. Another 292 miles of pipe
will stretch across Florida to Palm Beach. In two years, natural
gas will flow through the $1.7 billion project to electricity-
This new pipeline comes amid controversy over whether energy
companies will drill for natural gas and oil in Gulf waters that
are currently off-limits. …