Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Police Now Carry Guns, Badges ... and Beanbags

Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Police Now Carry Guns, Badges ... and Beanbags

Article excerpt

North Miami police officers burst into a South Florida home recently to find a domestic disturbance on the verge of turning deadly. A man was holding a knife to his throat and toting a gun in his waistband.

The man ignored police orders to drop the weapons. When it appeared he was going for his gun, an officer made a split-second decision to shoot. The result: The man suffered a large bruise.

Welcome to the growing world of nonlethal weapons.

In this case, police didn't use a revolver. They used a weapon that shot beanbags - golf-ball-size bullets filled with lead.

While law-enforcement agencies have been experimenting with them for years, nonlethal weapons are now becoming a standard-issue presence in many squad cars as concern grows about the use of "excessive force."

Headlines about suspects killed during conflicts with police in cities like Miami, Los Angeles, and Cincinnati are spurring hundreds of law-enforcement agencies to adopt the high-tech weapons, some of which shoot rubber or pepper bullets.

While research shows that the devices are far from foolproof, police believe they can be invaluable in subduing dangerous suspects - and even help avoid a lawsuit or two.

"If we didn't have the beanbag weapon, he probably would have been shot," says Stephen Stepp, assistant police chief in North Miami, of the man who was subdued and then taken to a mental hospital for treatment. "This is a perfect scenario of where the beanbag shotgun's less-lethal force worked."

Tasers, which fire electrified darts, are also gaining acceptance as nonlethal alternatives for subduing dangerous suspects. The Advanced Taser costs $400. It fires two electrified darts that can travel 21 feet and stun a suspect with up to 50,000 volts.

"For the first time in history, we are starting to gain technologies that will provide us the ability to use less-lethal force in resolving what have historically been lethal situations," says Sid Heal, a captain in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD).

Because of that shift, he predicts that the way police departments work will "change more dramatically over the next decade than in the last two centuries."

Already, Los Angeles equips every radio car with some form of nonlethal weapon.

Yet experts say the weapons can still cause serious injury, death, or, in the case of the Taser, extreme pain.

Some agencies are shying away from them. "These weapons can be fatal, and most of them don't fit our needs right now," says Miami- Dade Police spokesman Ed Munn.

Hard to determine risks

The problem, experts say, is that reactions to the use of a weapon can differ with a person's size, gender, age, health, and state of mind. A weapon that is nonlethal to one person can be fatal to another. Some critics even insist there is no such thing as a nonlethal weapon. …

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