Faced with the prospect of broad cuts as states fall deeper into
deficit, many school districts nationwide can look to at least one
positive trend: an easing of the teacher shortage this year.
From Buffalo, N.Y., to the San Francisco Bay Area, a host of
cities and states are finding more qualified teachers - at a time
when the shortage was expected only to grow more severe.
The economy has played a part, as workers seek more secure jobs
and cuts leave fewer positions to fill. Americans' post-Sept. 11
desire for more meaning has driven some to teaching, as well. But a
new emphasis on recruiting and retention is also showing encouraging
The development is of crucial importance to American education.
The success of education reforms across the country - from smaller
class sizes to standardized testing - depends largely upon having
enough good teachers in the classroom. Indeed, states could lose
billions in federal money if they do not meet new teacher standards.
Not every city has had a problem, but the shortages in some areas
remain far from over.
"There is still a lot of work to be done," says Mildred Hudson,
head of Recruiting New Teachers in Belmont, Mass. But "districts are
learning from each other and incorporating lessons learned."
Among the signs of progress:
* Buffalo has reduced its number of uncertified teachers by more
than one-third since March. School officials there hope to have
every teacher certified by next school year.
* New York City hired more than 8,000 new teachers for this
school year, nearly filling a teacher shortage that had persisted
for years. And 90 percent of the new teachers were certified, up
from 50 percent in 2001.
* Atlanta-area school officials point to Gwinnett County as an
indicator of their improving fortunes. Last July, they needed 200
teachers for the coming year. This July, the number was 92.
* Hawaii's Education Department reports 136 teacher vacancies
this year, down from more than 400 last year.
* California saw the number of credential waivers it handed out -
allowing uncertified Californians to teach as an emergency stopgap -
drop by 17 percent between 2000 and 2001. In Oakland, the number of
uncertified teachers dropped from 540 in late 1999 to 35 at the
start of this school year.
To educators, the trend is encouraging. But they strike a strong
note of caution. Chronic shortfalls in teachers for special
education, math, and science continue, as do shortages in inner
cities and rural areas.
Some places have simply lowered their standards to fill slots,
critics add, and even so, the need for teachers remains higher than
normal across the board. …