Blair's Iraq Gamble Costing Him at Home and in Europe ; Local Elections in Britain Last Week Showed Weak Support for the Prime Minister's Party

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It was heralded as the biggest gamble of his career, a huge political risk, a make-or-break moment.

So with the Iraq war now over, has the gamble paid off for Prime Minister Tony Blair?

While Blair has earned admiration and respect in the US for supporting President Bush's campaign to oust Saddam Hussein, it has been a very different story at home and in Europe.

Though broad opinion polls have swung back in his favor ever since the first shots were fired in Iraq, Blair has alienated an important segment of his own Labour Party, offended Muslims, and upset key international partners such as France and Russia.

The British leader, who marked his sixth year in office last week, has a lot of bridgebuilding to do, analysts say.

The extent of his domestic discomfort was apparent from local elections last week in Britain. Incumbent governments often struggle in these mid-term polls, but Labour's result was anemic, the party garnering only 30 percent of votes cast, compared with 34 percent for the opposition Conservatives. Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith exulted in what he called Labour's worst showing since 1979.

Of particular note was the collapse of support across central England among large Muslim populations incensed by the war.

"Young people and the Muslim community feel that their voice was completely ignored by the government when they came out in their millions to protest the war on Iraq," said the left-wing Campaign Group in reaction to the elections. "Now they are returning the compliment and deserting Labour at the polls."

Of equal note was the message from British voters that it's the quality of life in Birmingham and Bristol - not Baghdad and Basra - that matters most to them. Blair tried to stress recently that he was putting "100 percent" effort into improving shabby public services - but voters were unimpressed. "The backlash was against a faltering economy and the Labour government's failure to improve public services," says Anthony King, professor of government at Essex University. "The prime minister has been much less focused on domestic business recently."

The other problem stemming from the Iraq war is that most Britons do not believe it has reduced the likelihood of a terrorist attack. A poll last week showed that 6 out of 10 people fear that Britain has made itself a bigger target for fundamentalist strikes.

The war "hasn't helped in keeping the coalition against terror together and keeping the Muslim countries on board," says Prof. Paul Wilkinson, an expert in terrorism and international relations at the University of St. Andrews. "Al Qaeda can use the invasion of Iraq as a propaganda weapon, so in the longer run it [the war] does create a danger of more terrorism," he adds. …

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