Joshua Bolten, Director of the Office of Management and Budget,
is a graduate of Princeton University and has a law degree from
Stanford University Law School.
Prior to moving to the office of OMB, Mr. Bolten was Assistant to
the President and Deputy Chief of Staff. He was policy director for
the Bush - Cheney presidential campaign.
Before the campaign, Bolten worked for Goldman Sachs
International in London.
In the previous Bush administration, he was General Counsel to
the US Trade Representative and Deputy Assistant to the President
for Legislative Affairs. He also worked on the Hill as counsel to
the Senate Finance Committee.
Dan Senor is a key adviser to Ambassador Paul Bremer of the
Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq. Mr. Senor was one of the
first American officials in Baghdad after the war ended. Previously,
he was an aide to Spencer Abraham during Abraham's term in the US
On whether reconstruction aid should go to Iraq as a loan, not as
"Ambassador Bremer [has been] making the case behind closed doors
and in public events over the last couple of weeks that if this
becomes a loan we will have a Weimar Republic on our hands. We will
be loading down the Iraqis with more debt on top of debt reparations
they already have and creating a situation that those who want to
undermine the reconstruction -- want to undermine the new Iraq --
will be able to capitalize on and blame America and blame the West
for saddling their economy with all this debt."
On raising tax on the wealthiest Americans to pay to rebuild
(Bolten) "I don't expect that. I can't imagine a situation in
which the right thing to do to meet our needs in Iraq is to
undermine the US economy. So I don't expect any shift in position on
On challenges in getting Congress to approve funds to rebuild
(Bolten) "We know we have a politically challenging situation
when political opponents decide to compare some element of the
spending in the Iraq [aid] package to something we would like to do
here in the United States. Because politically you will find it is
always easier to persuade your constituents that a water project or
an electric project in the [home] district would be better than a
water project or an electrical project in Iraq.
And I would say that would be a valid comparison to make if what
we were talking about here was the comfort of the Iraqi people or
normal foreign development aid. That is not the case here.... The
purpose of the Iraq supplemental is not principally to make the
Iraqi people more comfortable and make their lives better, although
that is an important by-product. The purpose of the Iraq
supplemental, both the security side and the reconstruction side is
a national security purpose. …