Pressure is building over Iran's nuclear programs, as the UN's
nuclear watchdog expects to vote Friday to strongly rebuke the
Islamic Republic for inadequate cooperation.
The degree of frustration with Iran - and its frequently changing
explanations about key aspects of its declarations, as spelled out
in several reports by the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) - is growing among diplomats and inspectors alike.
Diplomatic jousting has intensified this week. Europe and the US
have pushed for a tough resolution. But now Iranian leaders say they
may reconsider ties with the IAEA if the 35-member board of
governors, meeting in Vienna this week, does not mute its criticism.
Iran counterattacked Thursday after the UN acknowledged that it
had wrongfully accused Iran in its June 1 report of not declaring
imported parts for advanced P-2 centrifuges, which could be used to
make nuclear weapons.
"This has been a big mistake," said Hossein Moussavian, secretary
of the foreign policy committee of Iran's Supreme National Security
Council. "It shows Iranian cooperation, Iranian information has been
full and precise, on time, with no contradictions and no changes
Nevertheless, Mohamed ElBaradei, the IAEA director general, said
the resolution will ask Iran to "accelerate cooperation."
Mr. ElBaradei noted that "lack of clarity" persisted about Iran's
centrifuge program, which he suggested may be too large for research
alone. Diplomats say the resolution "deplores" Iran's foot-
dragging, and expresses "serious concern."
President Mohamed Khatami declared Wednesday that Iran was no
longer bound by any "moral commitment" to continue suspending
uranium enrichment, and could reject the IAEA decision. Several
hundred Iranian hardliners took to nuclear sites in Iran Wednesday,
accusing the West of injustice and vowing to defend atomic assets
with their lives.
Though the IAEA was not expected to formalize a deadline for
complete Iranian compliance - a wish of US officials, who accuse
Iran of secretly pursuing nuclear weapons under the facade of a
peaceful energy program - the fact that the vote was spearheaded by
Britain, France, and Germany underscores Iran's growing isolation on
The foreign ministers of the EU-3, as diplomats refer to the
troika, negotiated with Tehran last October. Iran agreed to total
openness and tougher inspections, and to suspend uranium enrichment,
in exchange for assistance with peaceful power programs.
But IAEA reporting shows that Iran continued with some of its
enrichment activities, has waffled on damaging details, and delayed
opening some military sites. Indeed, European concerns in the past
about how sensitive IAEA wording might offend Iran is noticeably
absent this time.
"If the Europeans had done significantly less, they would have
run into stiff opposition [from IAEA nations]," says Michael Levi, a
nuclear expert at the Brookings Institution in Washington. …