Religion is often a hot-button topic in presidential elections,
and this year's campaigning has included some unprecedented twists.
Never before have Roman Catholic bishops questioned the Catholicism
of one of the candidates, nor have strategists of any party ever
attempted to access church membership lists.
"In 2000, it was hard to imagine the campaign could get more
religiously infused, but 2004 seems to be topping that," says Luis
Lugo, director of the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, in New
A new survey released Thursday offers insight into how Americans
perceive the interaction between religion and politics. The survey
was done by the Forum and the Pew Research Center for the People &
While a huge majority (72 percent) affirms that a US president
should have strong religious beliefs - and the public is comfortable
with leaders talking about their faith and using it to guide
policymaking - most are wary about involvement of religious leaders
and houses of worship in partisan politics.
On the question of moral values, while 64 percent say they will
be very important to their vote, the highly visible issue of gay
marriage ranks as among the least important priorities raised in the
survey, of significance only among white evangelical Protestants. On
the emerging issue of stem-cell research, a slight majority (52
percent) now supports research over protecting human embryos (34
One significant surprise is the way the nationwide poll of 1,512
adults challenges the conventional wisdom - oft repeated in the
media - of a big "religion gap" between the parties, with
Republicans being largely the party of the religious and Democrats
the party of secular Americans.
Other surveys suggest the gap is less than has been touted.
Recently released data from the American Religious Self-
Identification Survey of 2001 indicates that people with a
"religious outlook" on life tend to favor the Republicans, people
with a "secular outlook" tend to identify as independents, and the
Democratic Party holds the middle ground, attracting those with a
"somewhat religious outlook."
In this week's Pew poll, 52 percent called the Republican Party
"religion-friendly" and 40 percent termed Democrats the same, with
34 percent calling the latter "religion-neutral."
As for how much the candidates discuss their faith, 56 percent
said Kerry mentions it "the right amount," and 53 percent credit
Bush similarly. The proportion of Americans who criticize the
president for discussing faith "too much" rose from 14 to 24 percent
in the past year.
The candidates run about even on who would do the best job in
improving the nation's moral climate (45 percent for Kerry and 41
percent for Bush). …