Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Israel to Reroute Barrier ; A Ruling by Israel's Supreme Court Wednesday Said Parts of the West Bank Fence Were Illegal

Newspaper article The Christian Science Monitor

Israel to Reroute Barrier ; A Ruling by Israel's Supreme Court Wednesday Said Parts of the West Bank Fence Were Illegal

Article excerpt

A landmark ruling by Israel's Supreme Court ordering the rerouting of parts of the West Bank separation barrier is evoking anger on the Israeli right but has prompted congratulations between Palestinians and Israeli community activists who joined to score the legal victory.

The court decision, 10 days in advance of an expected nonbinding decision on the barrier by the International Court of Justice in The Hague, is expected to have far-reaching implications. The ruling negates the army's route for 18 miles of the fence northwest of Jerusalem and is expected to serve as a precedent for moving other parts of the 425-mile barrier route - one-fourth of which has been completed - closer to the old Green Line border that separated Israel from the West Bank until 1967. It would thereby reduce, but not halt, the barrier's penetration into the occupied territory.

Beyond its impact on the ground, the decision is seen, at least by left-wing Israelis and leaders of the affected Palestinian villages, as a rare victory for Arab-Jewish cooperation in an environment that has been poisoned by nearly four years of bloodletting since the outbreak of the Palestinian uprising.

"I have told my Israeli friends, 'Congratulations for you and congratulations for us.' This is good for both sides," says Mohammed Kandil, mayor of Beit Surik, one of the West Bank villages that appealed against the barrier route.

Israel says the barrier is needed to block suicide bombers, dozens of whom have entered Israel from the West Bank, blowing apart buses and cafes and taking the lives of hundreds of civilians. While the Defense Ministry said it would abide by the court's decision, Health Minister Dan Naveh says he will attempt to reverse it through what he termed "emergency legislation."

"Preventing the murder of women and children in Israel is, in my eyes, much more important than the harm done to the Palestinian population's quality of life," he told Israel Radio.

Israeli security officials say the completed portion of the barrier in the northern West Bank has substantially reduced suicide attacks into northern Israel, and has driven bombers south to the Jerusalem area where the barrier is not yet complete. And a poll conducted last month by Tel Aviv University shows that 80 percent of Israelis support the barrier.

The court upheld Israel's right to build the barrier and said it is doing so for security, not political, reasons. But it said that military planners of the barrier, which snakes as much as 15 miles beyond the Green Line at its deepest penetration, had failed to meet a legal requirement to "balance between security needs and the rights and interests of the local population."

"Alongside the important security considerations, it must be considered that the fence harms the lives of 35,000 local residents," an official summary of the decision says. …

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