Ironies abound in the history of black baseball. As historian
Jules Tygiel points out in his introduction to Lawrence Hogan's
Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of African-
American Baseball, they began in 1867, when the National Association
of Base Ball Players, the first organized league, refused to admit
an all-black team.
The association's rationale: Admitting black teams might cause
problems, "whereas by excluding them no injury could result to
anyone." Those were the days when segregation was advanced, with
full sincerity, as a win-win solution for all.
But perhaps the greatest irony has been the rediscovery of the
history of the Negro Leagues, and the larger realm of black
baseball, during the past several decades.
By the early 1960s, only 20 years removed from its heyday, the
Negro Leagues had almost entirely disappeared from our historical
Yet today, black baseball has been thoroughly researched, written
about, and celebrated. Indeed, there is probably a greater awareness
of the Negro Leagues now than there was in the 1940s, when black
baseball was at its peak.
"Shades of Gray" is the latest addition, and a very good one, to
the growing shelf of books on the topic. Lawrence D. Hogan, a
history professor at Union College in New Jersey, is credited as the
chief author, but eight others - a scholarly starting lineup, each
with expertise in specific subject areas - are listed as
"collaborative authors." The book is the result of a comprehensive
study of the history of African Americans in baseball commissioned
by the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Much of the work of this landmark study involved filling in the
statistical gaps by tracking down box scores for league-sanctioned
games from more than 120 period newspapers.
While the book contains plenty of statistics, game summaries, and
accounts of spectacular athletic achievements, "Shades of Glory" is
much more, as Hogan sets the teams and leagues in the cultural and
economic context of the black experience and the communities in
which they played, broadening the book's appeal to anyone interested
in this fascinating chapter in American history.
It's little surprise that the nation's racial attitudes are
reflected in its popular pastimes. Baseball caught on during the
Civil War, and both black and white teams began to form in the late
1800s as the game evolved from a casual amusement to a more
professionalized spectacle. A handful of blacks even played on
otherwise all-white teams, but as integration declined in post-
Reconstruction America, the last black player was forced out of
organized baseball in the late 1890s. …