Carl Garrett, a paper-mill technician in Leicester, N.C., is
scheduled to travel Sept. 2 to New Delhi, where he will undergo two
operations. Though American individuals have gone abroad for cheaper
operations, Mr. Garrett is a pioneer of sorts.
He is a test case for his company, Blue Ridge Paper Products,
Inc., in North Carolina, which is set to provide a health benefit
plan that allows its employees and their dependents to obtain
medical care overseas beginning in 2007.
"It's brand-new and nobody's ever heard of going to India or even
South Carolina for an operation, so it's all pretty foreign to
people here," says Garrett. "It's a frontier."
Garrett's medical care alone may save the company $50,000. And
instead of winding up $20,000 in debt to have the operations in the
US, he may now get up to $10,000 back as a share of the savings.
He'll also get to see the Taj Mahal as part of a two-day tour before
His two operations could cost $100,000 in the US; they'll run
about $20,000 in India.
With US health insurance costs soaring, cash-squeezed companies
such as Blue Ridge and poor states such as West Virginia are
considering affordable plans that may require their employees to
travel to India, Thailand, or Indonesia.
Critics say that limited malpractice laws in foreign countries
makes such travel risky as well as the prospect of spending 20 hours
on an airplane after invasive surgery. Despite the concerns,
"medical tourism" is morphing into "global healthcare."
"Global healthcare is coming and American healthcare, which is
pricing itself out of reach, needs to know there are alternatives"
in order to improve, says Alain Enthoven, senior fellow at the
Center for Health Policy in Stanford, Calif.
The average American hospital bill was $6,280 in 2004, twice that
of other Western countries, according to the National Coalition on
Health Care (NCHC) in Washington.
The cost savings have prompted a few hundred Americans this year
to fly to India, Jakarta, or Bangkok for serious medical conditions,
receiving heart stints and hip replacements. But most of the some
150,000 "medical tourists" nationwide go for a tooth filling or
plastic surgery and a week at a sunny beach resort where the dollar
stretches like lycra.
More companies - especially those with smaller company-run plans -
are investigating people's claims of good overseas hospital care.
The International Standards Organization in Geneva accredits these
hospitals and audits American hospitals, too.
Companies are also attracted to the relatively inexpensive price
tag for care at foreign hospitals, which have been reported to be up
to 80 percent less than in the US. In New Delhi, for example, the
Apollo chain of hospitals gives resort-style convalescence care for
$87 a night.
* Insurers Health Net of California already contracts with
medical clinics on the Mexico side of the US border.
* A West Virginia state legislator introduced a bill this year
that would encourage state workers to seek treatment overseas using
incentives such as cash bonuses and family travel.
* United Group Programs in Florida, which administers self-
insurance programs for small companies, has contracted with a
Thailand hospital for its employer clients. …