Ron Paul still looks surprised when his calls to follow the
Constitution and restore a sound currency set off whoops of approval
at a campaign stop.
The 10-term GOP congressman from Texas has been making these
points for 30 years, with little to show for it beyond hundreds of
House votes on the short end of 434 to 1. Critics called him a
But lately, his views and values - the product of a lifetime of
intense, self-directed study - are finding an audience. His message
is basic: freedom and limited government. Repeal the welfare-
warfare state. Get out of Iraq, now. Abolish the income tax. End the
war on drugs. Put the dollar back on a more solid footing.
"Unlike some others, I wasn't really anxious to run for
president," he tells supporters at Tea Bird's Cafe and Bistro in
Berlin, N.H. "I didn't believe the country was ready for a strict
When he says "strict," he means it. As a member of Congress, he
refuses to vote for any bill not explicitly set out in the
Constitution, earning him the nickname "Dr. No." He routinely votes
against new taxes, deficit budgets, government surveillance, gun
control, war funding, and the war on drugs. He would abolish the
Internal Revenue Service, the Federal Reserve, the US Departments of
Education, Energy, and Commerce as well as other "unconstitutional
domestic bureaucracies." He has called for America to withdraw from
the World Trade Organization and the United Nations.
At the heart of Paul's worldview is a conviction that people are
born free and should govern themselves - and that free markets make
better decisions than governments do.
"Some people think I don't love governing, but it's different,"
he says in a Monitor interview. "I believe in self-governing and
family governing. The responsibility is put more on the individual
than on some huge monstrosity in Washington."
Paul traces his values of personal responsibility and self-
reliance to his early family life. His father, Howard, the son of a
German immigrant, ran a family dairy business in Green Tree, Pa.,
near Pittsburgh, where he pasteurized and bottled milk. The third of
five sons, Paul learned responsibility and the work ethic at age 5
in the family basement. There, milk bottles were washed by hand, and
he and his brothers earned a penny for every dirty bottle they
spotted coming down a conveyer belt.
"We learned the incentive system," he says. The boys soon figured
out that one of their uncles was a worse bottle washer than the
other. "We liked to work for that one uncle, because we got more
pennies," he says.
The five boys shared a small bedroom in a four-room house. From
spring through fall, they slept outside in a small, screened porch.
His grandmother and two uncles lived in the same family compound.
His father hoped that all five sons would become Lutheran ministers;
two of them did. "Confirmation was a big event in my family;
birthdays weren't a big event," Paul says. His mother, Margaret,
urged her sons to read and get an education.
"I would say that probably from the cradle, their ethic was work
and church. That was it," says Carol Paul, the candidate's wife of
50 years. "They weren't a family that played a lot. Everything was
The family lived two miles from the local high school. Although
there was a bus to school, Paul preferred to run. He won the state
championship in the 220-yard dash and ranked No. 2 in the 440-yard
run in Pennsylvania. "He knew he was obligated to do with his God-
given body the best he could," says Mrs. Paul. They met in high
school at a track meet and married in his last year at Gettysburg
College in Gettysburg, Pa., where he studied biology.
Paul says he briefly considered becoming a Lutheran minister, but
opted instead for medicine. He graduated from Duke University
Medical School in Durham, N. …